If you kill your enemies, they win
While Western nations mark their ISIS fighters for death, Canada offers 'reintegration support'
Canadian jihadis in Iraq and Syria face a concerted effort to kill them by the Syrian, Iraqi, U.S., Russian and (recently) Turkish governments, as well as numerous local and foreign-backed militias. But they have so far had little to fear from their own government, either at home or abroad.
Spokesman Dan Brien suggested the government's focus is on changing minds.
"Returning foreign terrorist travellers and their families, specifically women and children, require the appropriate disengagement and reintegration support," he wrote in an email to CBC News
At the end of 2015 the government said it was aware of about 180 "individuals with a nexus to Canada" who had travelled overseas to join such groups, and of another 60 who had returned to Canada.
To date only two returnees, Pamir Hakimzadah and Rehab Dughmosh, have been charged with leaving Canada to participate in terrorism. Four more men, some of whom may be dead, have been charged in absentia. To date, no Canadian has been successfully prosecuted for travelling to Syria or Iraq to join a terror group.
Since Canada isn't targeting jihadis on the battlefield, or successfully convicting them in court, says Leuprecht (He's some terror export referenced earlier), "the third option is that they just show up and live peacefully ever after. Or not so peacefully."
According to government estimates more than 200 Canadian "terrorist travellers" have faced no legal consequences in Canada.